Posted on Thursday, February 1, 2007
What are sinuses?
These cavities, located within the skull or bones of the head surrounding the nose, include the:
* Frontal sinuses over the eyes
* Maxillary sinuses inside each above the jawbone / cheekbone
* Ethmoid sinuses just behind the bridge of the nose and between the eyes
* Sphenoid sinuses behind the ethmoids in the upper region of the nose and behind the eyes
Each sinus has an opening into the nose for the free exchange of air and mucus, and each is joined with the nasal passages by a continuous mucous membrane lining.
Therefore, anything that causes a swelling in the nose-an infection, an allergic reaction, or an immune reaction-also can affect the sinuses.
Air trapped within a blocked sinus, along with pus or other secretions, may cause pressure on the sinus wall.
The result is the sometimes intense pain of a sinus attack.
Similarly, when air is prevented from entering a paranasal sinus by a swollen membrane at the opening, a vacuum can be created that also causes pain.
What are the symptoms of sinusitis?
The location of your sinus pain depends on which sinus is affected.
* Headache when waking up in the morning is typical of a sinus problem.
* Pain when your forehead over the frontal sinuses is touched may indicate that your frontal sinuses are inflamed.
* Infection in the maxillary sinuses can cause your upper jaw and teeth to ache and your cheeks to become tender to the touch.
* Since the ethmoid sinuses are near the tear ducts in the corner of the eyes, inflammation of these cavities often causes swelling of the eyelids and tissues around your eyes, and pain between your eyes. Ethmoid inflammation also can cause tenderness when the sides of your nose are touched, a loss of smell, and a stuffy nose.
* Although the sphenoid sinuses are less frequently affected, infection in this area can cause earaches, neck pain, and deep aching at the top of your head.
Most animals with sinusitis, however, have pain or tenderness in several locations, and their symptoms usually do not clearly indicate which sinuses are inflamed.
Other symptoms of sinusitis can include
* A cough that may be more severe at night
* Runny nose (rhinitis) or nasal congestion
* Poodles and other small dogs, and Persian cats tend to have mild conditions, most commonly seen with tear stains or mask on their face.
In addition, the drainage of mucus from the sphenoids or other sinuses down the back of your throat (postnasal drip) can cause you to have a sore throat. Mucus drainage also can irritate the membranes lining your larynx (upper windpipe).
Not everyone with these symptoms, however, has sinusitis.
On rare occasions, acute sinusitis can result in brain infection and other serious complications.
What are some causes of Acute Sinusitis?
Most cases of acute sinusitis start with a common cold, which is caused by a virus. These viral colds do not cause symptoms of sinusitis, but they do inflame the sinuses. Both the cold and the sinus inflammation usually go away without treatment in 2 weeks. The inflammation, however, might explain why having a cold increases your likelihood of developing acute sinusitis. For example, your nose reacts to an invasion by viruses that cause infections such as the common cold or flu by producing mucus and sending white blood cells to the lining of the nose, which congest and swell the nasal passages.
When this swelling involves the adjacent mucous membranes of the sinuses, air and mucus are trapped behind the narrowed openings of the sinuses. When the sinus openings become too narrow, mucus cannot drain properly. This increase in mucus sets up prime conditions for bacteria to multiply.
Most healthy people and animals harbour bacteria, such as Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae, in their upper respiratory tracts with no problems until the body's defences are weakened or drainage from the sinuses is blocked by a cold or other viral infection. Or in many cases over prescribed antibiotics. Thus, bacteria that may have been living harmlessly in the nose or throat can multiply and invade your sinuses, causing an acute sinus infection.
Sometimes, fungal infections can cause acute sinusitis. Although fungi are abundant in the environment, they usually are harmless to healthy pets and people, indicating that the body has a natural resistance to them. Fungi, such as Aspergillus, can cause serious illness in pets and people whose immune systems are not functioning properly. Some pets with fungal sinusitis have an allergic-type reaction to the fungi.
Chronic inflammation of the nasal passages also can lead to sinusitis. If your pet gets a allergic rhinitis or hay fever, they may develop episodes of acute sinusitis. Vasomotor rhinitis, caused by humidity, cold air, alcohol, perfumes, and other environmental conditions, also may be complicated by sinus infections.
Acute sinusitis is much more common in some animals and people . For example, sinusitis occurs more often in people who have reduced immune function (such as those with immune deficiency diseases or Feline AIDS or for humans HIV infection) and with abnormality of mucus secretion or mucus movement (such as those with cystic fibrosis).
What causes Chronic Sinusitis?
If your pet has asthma or a weakness in the lungs or bronchial tubes, an allergic disease, you may find your pet may have frequent episodes of chronic sinusitis.
Some pets can have airborne allergens, such as dust, mould, and pollen, which trigger allergic rhinitis, you may develop chronic sinusitis. In addition, animals who are allergic to fungi can develop a condition called "allergic fungal sinusitis."
If you are subject to getting chronic sinusitis, damp weather, especially in northern temperate climates, or pollutants in the air and in buildings also can affect you.
Like acute sinusitis, your pet might develop chronic sinusitis if they have an immune deficiency disease or an abnormality in the way mucus moves through and from your respiratory system (e.g., immune deficiency, Feline AIDs infection, and cystic fibrosis).
Our Homeopathic treatment is custom made to treat specific respiratory bacterial and virus infections. We use the Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae homeopathic nosodes series on low to high potencies, along with single symptomatic remedies according to symptoms of the cat.
We also build the immune system by only feeding a good natural nutritional diet of raw meat and supplements. Avoid chemicals, drugs and other toxic substances.
We also highly recommend the use of Colloidal Silver which can be given at 4 drops with small amount of filtered water, syringe in side of mouth 3 x daily until discomfort is no longer evident.
* For cats who have acquired Feline AIDs we suggest all of the above as well the special vitamin regime to repair the immune system to help fight further bacteria invasions. When requested we can also supply this information sheet with your order.
THESE REMEDIES ARE FOR BOTH DOGS AND CATS.
AN # 27 SINUSITIS FORMULA Set 2 $66.00
1. Sinusitis Formula (25ml )
(Nosode Bacteria of the Hamemophilus Influenza, Streptococcus Pneumonia, Vespro Crabro, Hydrastis 10M, Kali Bich, Apis Mell, Bell, Pulsatilla, Hydrastis, Echinacea, Luffa Operculata, Organs Maxillary, Sphenoid, Frontal Sinuses 1M)
2. Uplift 200C Formula (25ml )
(Super Boosts for the immunes system, and for debility of chronic conditions. Barley Greens, Multi vitamins, nutrition 200C)
To help relieve and clear congestion and/or discharge from nasal passages for ALL species, age and size.
If more ACUTE symptoms of URI go to UPPER RESPIRATORY No#106.
AN # 106 URI - 'UPPER RESPIRATORY' VIRUS 50ml $66.00
Bottle 1: Upper Resp Infection (Large Bottle 50ml)
This formula works well on any type of Upper Respiratory symptoms for ALL species. Cat flu, snuffles - rabbits etc.
(contains: Homeopathic Nosodes of the calici and rhinotracheitis virus, herpes, cryptorhinitis, Cryptococcus, bacillus No7, penicillin streptococcus, haemophilus Influenza, pneumonococcinum, anth nosode, coccidosis, mucous, hydrastis 12X, 200C, 3M).
AN # 199 FELINE CALICI / RHINOTRACHEITIS / CHLAMYDIA HOMEOPROPHYLAXIS 25ml $44.00
The Natural safe alternative to the Vaccine Injection.
This immunization is available for all pet owners and catteries and is the homeopathic oral nosode of the virus that is for prevention as well as part of the treatment for feline virus infection - for all age felines.
1. Feline Nosodes HOMEOPROPHYLAXIS (25ml)
(Contains: feline viral rhinotracheitis, Calici, Panleucopenia, Chlamydia nosodes 200C)(One Bottle will treat several pets and last many years)
*On Request - Large Bottle for CATTERIES, which treat and protect hundreds of felines over a three or four years.